1-10基礎知識總結 - 下載本文

2013新版八年級上冊1-10分單元知識點歸類總結 Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?(談論假期生活,一般過去時) Unit 2 How often do you exercise?(談論生活習慣,一般現在時)

Unit 3 I'm more outgoing than my sister(談論事物對比, 形容詞比較級) Unit 4 What's the best movie theater?(談論事物比較,形容詞最高級) Unit5 Do you want to watch a game show?(談論內心想法,一般現在時) Unit6 I’m going to study computer science.(談談生活的目標,一般將來時) Unit7 Will people have robots?(對將來生活的預言,一般將來時) Unit8 How do you make a banana milk shake?(描述進程,祈使句)

Unit9 Can you come to my party?(學習邀請,作出、接受和拒絕邀請,學習表請求的句子) Unit10 If you go to the party, you‘ll have a great time.(作出決定,學習if的條件狀語從句) Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation? 第一單元主要點: ①復習一般過去時

②復合不定代詞的用法 ③反身代詞的用法 ④系動詞的用法

⑤動詞后的to do和doing 的區別 ⑥ed形容詞和ing形容詞的區別 ⑦“近義詞”的區別

⑧本單元中的主謂一致現象

⑨動詞過去式的構成及不規則動詞表

⑩用同義短語轉換同義句時謂語動詞形式一致性的培養。 ⑾感嘆句的結構和連詞的選擇。 一、詞組、短語:

1、go on vacation去度假 , 14、feel like感覺像……/想要, 2、 stay at home 呆在家, 15、 go shopping購物, 3、go to the mountains 上山/進山 , 16、in the past 在過去, 4、 go to the beach到海邊去, 17、walk around繞……走, 5、visit museums 參觀博物館, 18、too many 太多(可數名詞前面), 6、go to summer camp 去夏令營, 19、because of 因為, 7、 quite a few 相當多, 20、one bowl of 一碗……, 8、study for為……學習, 21、find out 查出來/發現 , 9、go out 出去, 22、go on繼續, 10、most of the time 大部分時間/絕大多數時23、take photos 照相, 間, 24、something important重要的事情, 11、taste good 嘗起來味道好, 25、up and down上上下下, 12、have a good time玩的開心, 26、come up出來 13、of course當然可以, 二、重要句子(語法):

Where did you go on vacation?你到哪里去度假了?I went to New York City.我去了紐約城 Did you go out with anyone? 你出去帶人嗎?

No, No one was here. Everyone was on vacation.不,沒有人在這兒。大家度去度假了。 Did you buy anything special?你買了什么特別的東西嗎?

Yes, I bought something for my father.對,我給父親買了一些東西。

How was the food? 食物怎么樣? Everything tasted really good.每一樣東西真的都好

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吃。

Did everyone have a good time?大家玩的開心嗎? Oh, yes. Everything was excellent.對,一切都很精彩。

三、習慣用法、搭配

1. buy sth. for ab./ buy sb. sth. 為某人買某物 2. taste + adj. 嘗起來…… 3. nothing ….but + V.(原形) 除了……之外什么都沒有

4. seem + (to be) + adj 看起來 5. arrive in + 大地方 / arrive at + 小地方 到達某地 6. decide to do sth. 決定做某事 7. try doing sth. 嘗試做某事 / try to do sth. 盡力做某事

8. enjoy doing sth. 喜歡做某事 9. want to do sth. 想去做某事 10. start doing sth. 開始做某事 11. stop doing sth. 停止做某事

12. look + adj 看起來 13. dislike doing sth. 不喜歡做某事

14. Why not do sth. 為什么不做…….呢? 15. so + adj + that + 從句 如此……以至于…… 16. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告訴某人(不要) 做某事 17. keep doing sth. 繼續做某事 18. forget to do sth. 忘記去做某事 / forget doing sth 忘記做過某事 四、詞語辨析:

1.Where did you go on vacation? 你去哪里度假了?(P1)

1)這是有疑問副詞where引導的特殊疑問句,where用來詢問地點和場所,放在句首。 a._____ do you _____ ______?你從哪里來? b._____does he______?他住在哪里? 2)go on vacation意為―去度假‖。

I want ____ ____ ____ ____in Hainan this winter.今年冬天我想去海南度假。 2.visited my uncle 看望了我的叔叔(P1)

visit是及物動詞,意為―拜訪;探望‖,后接表示人的名詞或代詞。 visit還可以意為―參觀;游覽‖,后接表示地點的名詞。

a.I visited my grandmother last week. 上周我去______了我的外婆。 b.Do you want to visit Shanghai? 你想______上海嗎? 拓展:visitor意為―參觀者;游客‖。

eg: These visitors come from America._______________________ 3.buy anything special 買特別的東西。(P2)

1)buy及物動詞,意為―買;購買‖。其過去式為______。

拓展:buy sth. for sb.=buy sb. sth. 意為―給某人買某物‖。 My uncle_____ _____a bike.= My uncle_____ _____for me.

2)anything不定代詞,意為―某事;某件東西‖,主要用于疑問句或否定句中。 a.Do you want anything from me? b.I can‘t say anything about it. 3) anything special表示―特別的東西‖,形容詞修飾不定代詞時后置。 Is there________ ________in this book?這本書里有新的內容嗎?

4.Oh, did you go anywhere interesting?哦,你去有趣的地方了嗎?(P2)

1)本句是did開頭的一般疑問句 2)anywhere用作副詞,意為―在任何地方‖。 eg:Did you go anywhere during the summer vacation? 辨析:anywhere與somewhere

anywhere意為―在任何地方‖,常用于否定句和疑問句中。 eg:I can‘t find it anywhere. somewhere意為―在某處;到某處‖,常用于肯定句中。 eg:I lost my key somewhere near here. 5.We took quite a few photos there.我們在那里拍了不少照片。(P2) take photos 意為―照相;拍照‖。 eg:We______ ______on the Great Wall.我們在長城上照了相。

辨析:quite a few與quite a little

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quite a few 意為―很多;不少‖,修飾可數名詞復數;

quite a little 意為―很多;不少‖,修飾不可數名詞。 a. He stays here for _____ _____ _____days.

b.There is _____ _____ _____water in the bottle(瓶子).

6. I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax. 我大部分時間只是待在家里讀書休息。 (P2)

most of the time意為―大部分時間‖,其中most為代詞,意為―大部分;大多數‖。 拓展most of…意為―……中的大多數‖,它作主語時,謂語動詞取決于most of后所修飾的名詞。

a. Most of us_____(be)going to the park. 我們大多數人要去公園。 b. Most of the food_____(go)bad. 大部分的食物都變質了。 7.Everything tasted really good!所有的東西嘗起來真的很好吃!(P3) taste在此為系動詞,意為―嘗起來‖,其后接形容詞構成系表結構。 a.The food tastes really great.食物嘗起來棒極了。

8. Did everyone have a good time?大家都玩得很開心嗎?(P3)

have a good time = enjoy oneself = have fun 玩得開心 (+ doing) eg: We had a good time visiting the the Great Wall.

= We enjoyed ourselves visiting the the Great Wall.= We had fun visiting the the Great Wall. 9.How did you like it? 你覺得它怎么樣?(P3)

How do/did you like……? 意為―你覺得……怎么樣?‖,用來詢問對方的觀點或看法,相當于 What do you think of……?

eg: How do you like your new job? = _____ _____ _____ _____ your new job? 10.Did you go shopping? 你們去購物了嗎?(P3)

go shopping意為―去購物;去買東西‖,同義短語為do some shopping. eg: I usually go shopping on Sundays.我通常星期天去購物。

拓展:―go+doing‖形式表示―去做某事‖,常用于表達從事某一體育活動或休閑活動。

go skating 去滑冰 go hiking 去 go sightseeing 去觀光 go fishing 去釣魚 go swimming 去游泳 go boating 去劃船

11.I went to a friend‘s farm in the countryside with my family.我和家人一起去了鄉下一個朋友的農場。(P3)

a friend‘s farm是名詞所有格形式。

一般情況下,表示―有生命的人或物‖的名詞后面加‘s,表示所屬關系。 eg:The red bike is Alice‘s. 那輛紅色的自行車是愛麗斯的。 拓展:名詞所有格的構成:

1)單數名詞詞尾加‘s ,復數名詞詞尾沒有s,也要加‘s

the girl ?s pen女孩的鋼筆 women‘s shoes女鞋 on Children‘s Day 2)復數名詞以s結尾的只加 ‘

the students‘ reading room學生閱覽室 Teachers‘ Day教師節

3)如果兩個名詞并列,并且分別有‘s,則表示―分別有‖;只后一個名詞有一個‘s,則表示―共有‖:

John‘s and Kate‘s rooms. 約翰和凱特(各自)的房間。 Lily and Lucy‘s father. 莉莉和露西的爸爸(同一個爸爸)。 4)表示無生命的名詞一般以...of...構成短語,表示所有關系。

a map of China一幅中國地圖 the name of the story那個故事的名字 12. Still no one seemed to be bored. (即使這樣)仍然沒有人看起來無聊。(P3) 1)seem意為―好像;似乎;看來‖。

eg:Everything seems easy.一切似乎很容易。

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拓展a. seem+adj. ―看起來……‖。 You seem happy today.你今天看起來很高興。

b. seem+to do sth. ―似乎,好像做某事‖。 I seem to have a cold.我似乎感冒了。 c. It seems/seemed+從句 ―看起來好像…;似乎…‖。It seems that no one believes you.看起來好像沒有人相信你。 2)辨析:bored與boring

a. bored意為―厭煩的;感到無聊的‖,一般在句中修飾人。

b. boring意為―無聊的;令人厭煩的‖,一般在句中修飾事或物。 eg:a. I‘m ______with what he said.我對他說的話厭煩極了。 b. I find the story very_______.我發現這個故事太無聊了。 (二)Section B

1. What activities do you find enjoyable? 你發現什么活動讓人快樂?(P5) 1)activities是activity的復數形式,意為―活動‖。

Students like outdoor activities. ____________________________ 2)enjoyable形容詞,意為―愉快的;快樂的‖。

I‘m sure we will have an enjoyable vacation. 我確信我們將會有一個愉快的假期。

2. I arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family. 今天早上我和家人到達了馬來西亞的檳城。(P5

arrive不及物動詞,意為―到達‖。arrive in表示到達較大的地方,如國家、省、市等;arrive at表示到達

較小的地方,如機場、商店、廣場、村莊等。(注:地點副詞home,here,there前介詞省略) 辨析:①arrive in+大地點 / arrive at+小地點 ②get to +地點 ③reach+地點 eg:I (到達) school at 8:00 o‘clock yesterday.

3. …so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel… 因此我們決定到旅館附近的海灘上去。(P5)

decide to do sth.意為―決定做某事‖。 eg: They _____ ______ ______the museum.他們決定去參觀博物館。 拓展:decide后常跟―疑問詞+動詞不定式‖做賓語。He can‘t decide when ______ _____(leave) 他不能決定何時動身。

4. My sister and I tried paragliding.姐姐和我嘗試了滑翔傘運動。(P5)

try此處用作及物動詞,其后常接名詞、動名詞或不定式,意為―嘗試;試圖,設法;努力‖ She is trying my bicycle.她正在試騎我的自行車。

拓展:try也可用作名詞,意為―嘗試‖,常用短語―have a try‖,意為―試一試‖。 I want to have a try.我想試一試。 辨析:try doing sth. / try to do sth.

1)try doing sth. 嘗試做某事,表示一種嘗試、做做看的想法,不一定付出很多努力。

2)try to do sth.盡力、設法去做某事,表示想盡一切辦法要把事情辦成,強調付出努力設法去完成。

a. I ______ ______ him, but no one answered. 我試著給他打電話了,但沒有人接聽。 b. I‘m ______ ______ ______ English well. 我正盡力把英語學好。

5. I felt like I was a bird. It was so exciting! 我感覺自己就像一只小鳥。太刺激了!(P5) 1)feel like意為“給……的感覺;感受到”。其后常接從句。 eg: He feels like he is swimming. 他感覺像在游泳一樣。

拓展:feel like還可意為“想要……‖,其后可接名詞、代詞或動名詞。即:

feel like sth. 想要某物 feel like doing sth. 想要做某事

eg:Do you feel like a cup of tea now? 你現在想要一杯茶嗎?

Do you feel like ______ (take) a walk in the park with me? 你想跟我在公園散步嗎?

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2)辨析:exciting與excited

exciting 意為―令人興奮的,使人激動的‖, 一般修飾某物。 excited 意為―感到興奮的,激動的‖, 一般修飾某人。 Eg:a.The story is_________(exciting, excited) . b.He told me the_______(exciting, excited)news.

c.Sarah was_______(exciting, excited)to see the singer. 6. There are a lot of new buildings now…現在有許多新的建筑物……(P5) building 可數名詞,意為―建筑物;樓房‖。 build 動詞,―建造,建筑‖ (built,built),

The workers built many tall buildings in our school last year.

7. I wonder what life was like here in the past. 我想知道在這兒過去的生活是什么樣的。(P5) wonder此處是及物動詞,意為―想知道;琢磨‖。其后常接who, what, why等疑問詞引導的賓語從句。 Eg:1.I wonder _______________. 我想知道那個男孩是誰。A. the boy is who B. who the boy is

2. I wonder what they were doing here.我想知道他去哪里了。

8.I really enjoyed walking around the town. 我真的很喜歡在鎮上到處走走。 (P5)

1)enjoy及物動詞,意為―喜愛;欣賞;享受……的樂趣‖,其后接名詞,代詞或動名詞作賓語。 a. Do you enjoy your job? 你喜歡你的工作嗎?

b. I enjoy reading books. 我喜歡讀書。(enjoy doing sth.喜歡做某事)

拓展: enjoy oneself =have a good time = have fun 玩得開心 (+ doing sth.) 2)walk around 意為―四處走走‖。He‘s just walking around the village.他只是在村莊里隨便走走。 9. What a difference a day makes! 一天的變化有多大呀! (P5) difference可數名詞,意為―差別,差異‖ ;其形容詞形式為different,意為―不同的;有差異的‖。 Eg: a. What is the difference between this book and that book?

b. My schoolbag is different from yours. ( be different from 意為―與……不同‖)

10. We wanted to walk up to the top , but then it started raining a little so we decided to take the train.(P5)

1)want to do sth. 意為―想要做某事‖。

2)start doing sth. 意為―開始做某事‖,同義短語:start to do sth. Eg: Tom started learning English last year.

3)a little 意為―一點兒‖,在句中修飾動詞、形容詞或副詞。也可以修飾不可數名詞。 Eg: a. I can draw a little, but only as a hobby. ______________________________ b. It‘s a little cold outside. ______________________________ c. He can speak a little English. ______________________________ 4) take the train意為―乘火車‖,take在此意為―乘坐‖。

11.We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many people. 因為人太多,所以我們等了一個 多小時的火車。(P5)

1)wait for意為―等候‖,其后可接人或物。 Tom was waiting for a bus over there.

2)over介詞,意為―多于;超過‖ ,相當于more than。 Eg : My father is over 40 years old.

There are over eight hundred students in our school.

3) too many意為―太多‖,其后接可數名詞復數。 He always has too many questions to ask me. 辨析:too many + 可數名詞復數 意為“太多... ”

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